Prevention

While protection from vector-borne diseases can take a number of forms, the proper use of a personal repellent is the only way to ensure total, continuous protection.  The primary reason for this is that the biting insects that transmit these deadly diseases are active throughout the day and night.  So, for example, the use of an insecticide- treated bednet as a means of protection against Dengue, where the mosquito (Aedes aegypti) which vectors the disease bites during day time, is unlikely to be effective (unless napping under the bednet during the day).

When used as directed, NOPIKEX is highly effective against ALL hematophagous insects, including those which are vectors for the following debilitating and often deadly diseases.

Disease

Transmitted by

Area

Malaria Mosquitoes Global tropical and subtropical areas
Dengue Mosquitoes Tropical Africa, South East Asia, South America and the Pacific
Yellow Fever Mosquitoes Tropical areas of Africa and Central and South America
Filariasis Mosquitoes, Black Flies Global tropical and subtropical areas
Leishmaniasis Sandflies Global tropical and subtropical areas including the Mediterranean
Chikungunya Mosquitoes Africa, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. In recent decades mosquito vectors of Chikungunya have spread to Europe and the Americas.
West Nile Virus Mosquitoes Africa, West Asia, the Middle East and the United States
Chagas Kissing Bugs Tropical South and Central America
Lyme Disease Ticks Europe, USA, Australia, China & Japan
Sleeping Sickness Tsetse Fly East, West and Central Southern Africa
Typhus Fever Ticks, Mites, Fleas, Lice Global
Plague Flea Global
Japanese B Encephalitis Mosquitoes The Far East and South East Asia
River Blindness Black Flies Africa, Latin America, Yemen
Tick-borne encephalitis Ticks Forested areas of Central & Eastern Europe, Scandinavia and former USSR
Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever Ticks Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and Asia, in countries south of the 50th parallel north.

The spread of vector-borne diseases is only likely to increase, making personal protection a matter of necessity rather than choice.

Factors affecting the spread of vector-borne diseases include:

  • Unchecked urbanisation and population growth coupled with substandard housing and inadequate water, sewer and waste management systems.
  • The increased use of dams for irrigation and energy generation creating new breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
  • Increased aeroplane travel and freight movement transporting pathogens and vectors.
  • The increased movement of immigrants and refugees from endemic areas to non-endemic areas.
  • Climatic changes making it possible for vectors to breed and become established in areas previously not hospitable to them.